In spite of its positive effect on the economic growth of the local community and the country as a whole, industrial estate development may also negatively affect biodiversity and ecosystem as a result of change in land use and urbanization to support growth of the industrial sector.

The Company, therefore, emphasizes on the protection and rehabilitation of ecosystem and biodiversity and has managed to mitigate the risk of negative impact on biodiversity to give confidence to all groups of stakeholders, as well as rehabilitating the ecosystem to help slow down climate change through the absorbance of carbon dioxide.

Risk

Biodiversity loss increases the risk in unbalanced ecosystem which affects the abundance of natural resources used as major raw materials of business operation such as water, and affects overall environmental quality as well as the quality of life of the stakeholders living in and benefiting from the natural resources in this area.

Opportunity

The Company has an opportunity in transforming the industrial estate into the city that its economic growth and social and environmental conservation are balanced. This will allow the industrial sector to live in unity with surrounding communities. The conservation of the quality and balance of biodiversity will result in a hand over of sufficient resources vital to the economic, social and environmental quality of life of the stakeholders to the next generation sustainably.

Management Approach

The Company is determined to conduct its business simultaneously with preserving natural resources and environment rigorously.

As a result, it sets out a policy on biodiversity with the objective of preventing damage and mitigating impact on biodiversity in AMATA Industrial Estate, as well as supporting and promoting the stakeholders in the area to jointly nurturing, rehabilitating and conserving biodiversity in both AMATA Industrial Estates.

The Company has continuously conserved and rehabilitated biodiversity in AMATA City Chonburi and AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate through the environmental rehabilitation project, green area expansion and conservation of native freshwater species in the community to mitigate the risk of negative impact on biodiversity according to the concept of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) regarding biodiversity offset under IUCN’s Biodiversity Mitigation Hierarchy, consists of four approaches, i.e. Avoidance, Minimization, Rehabilitation / Restoration and Compensation or Offset.

Performance

The Company has operated two industrial estates in Thailand, i.e. AMATA City Chonburi and AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate covering the area of 27,356 rais (43.30 km2) and 16,895 rais (27.03 km2), respectively.

Both areas are situated in the industrial estates pursuant to Town Planning Act B.E. 2562 without conservation and protection area according to the announcement of the natural resource governmental agencies, or ecologically critical area notified to be established both domestically and internationally within a 5-km radius (Disclosure 304-1).

However, the improvement of both of the Company’s industrial estates may negatively affect biodiversity directly or indirectly, e.g. effect from a change in land use, an urbanization around the industrial estates, pollution caused by activities within the industrial estates and the effect from the operation of the Company’s suppliers and contractors, etc.  Such impact could arise from the Company’s land development process until the land is completely developed into industrial estate.  

The Company has conducted following projects to avoid and minimize impact, as well as rehabilitating and offsetting negative impact which may arise from its business operation in AMATA City Chonburi Industrial Estate and AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate. (Disclosure 304-3)

1) Management of Green Area in AMATA Industrial Estates

The Company aims to develop green areas within the two AMATA industrial estates to be a liveable city with good environment that promotes a better quality of life for workers in the industrial estates. The Company has set the target to have green areas at least 10 percent of the total operating area. The Company has prepared master plan and determined green area development within AMATA industrial estates annually to continuously restore green area in AMATA industrial estates.  It defines types of plant based on forest types of Chonburi and Rayong provinces based on the Royal Forest Department.  Most terrestrial forest in Chonburi and Rayong is mixed-deciduous forest and dry evergreen forest.

AMATA City Chonburi Industrial Estate

AMATA City Chonburi Industrial Estate covers the area of 27,356 rais and operated area of 17,497 rais, 11.06% of operated area or 1,936 rais being green area.  In 2021 the Company planted 5,000 trees in AMATA City Chonburi Industrial Estate with a survival rate at 80%.  100% of trees planted were native tree species found in Chonburi categorized as mixed-deciduous and dry evergreen species, according to the report of the Royal Forest Department e.g. dalbergia cohinchinensis, dipterocarpus alatus, lagerstroemia calyculata, cassia grandis, cassia surattensis, peltophorum pterocarpum, lagerstroemia speciose, dolichandrone serrulate, swietenia macrophylla, pterocarpus macrocarpus, tamarindus indica, pithecellobium dulce, etc.

AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate

AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate covers the area of 16,895 rais and operated area of 14,546 rais, 10.36% of operated area or 1,506 rais being green area. In 2021 the Company planted 10,000 trees in AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate with a survival rate of 85%. Dead and dying plant would be replaced continually. 100% of trees planted were native tree species found in Rayong categorized as mixed-deciduous and dry evergreen species, according to the report of the Royal Forest Department, e.g. afzelia xylocarpa, eugenia cumini, dipterocarpus alatus, shorea roxburghii, lagerstroemia calyculata, senna siamea, etc.

2) Restoration of a Public Area in AMATA Industrial Estates

In cooperation with the factory operators in AMATA industrial estates, the Company arranges a project to rehabilitate neglected area into green space by growing local trees, namely “Forest for Life” Project in collaboration with Tokai Rika (Thailand) Co., Ltd. to rehabilitate the degraded forest which is a 12-rai public area in AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate for four years  commencing from 2019 to 2022.  At present totally 11,600 trees were planted in the area of six rais.  5,800 trees were planted in the area of three rais in 2019 and 5,800 trees in the area of three rais in 2020.  Planting of trees in all areas of 12 rais is targeted to complete in 2022.

3) Conservation of Local Aquatic Animals at AMATA City Rayong

AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate is located at the mid-stream of watershed.  Pusai Stream flows from Khao Mai Kaeo Watershed runs through the Industrial Estate before reaching Dok Krai Reservoir, a large reservoir with a capacity of more than 79 million cubic meters covering the area of over 1,300 rais (2.08 km2) in Rayong.  Although Dok Krai Reservoir is located outside of a 5-km radius from AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate, it is crucial in term of freshwater ecosystem and economic resource of the community as it is an aquatic animal nursery and local fishery area for more than 500 households in Nikhom Phatthana District.  The local community is thus concerned with the potential impact on water quality and aquatic animals which is a major source of traditional occupation of the community.

Therefore, the Company, in cooperation with Rayong Fisheries Provincial Office, Dok Krai Reservoir Freshwater Resources Management Committee, community committee supervising and controlling the use of reservoir, and various groups of alliance such as local entities and factory operators in AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate, has carried out “Sustainable Watershed Management Project” to nurture and rehabilitate water resources and to conserve local aquatic animals which, in addition to occupational and food resources for community, they could effectively be water quality index.

In 2021 the Company had released 314,000 aquatic animals or 10 species found in the reservoir area by Rayong Fisheries Provincial Office such as common barb, spotted featherback, seven-stripped carp, striped catfish, carp, etc., worth THB 100,000. And in collaboration with the Rayong Fisheries Office, releasing 500,000 lobsters.

As a result of the projects conducted, in addition to conserving local species and increasing the abundance of aquatic species in Dok Krai Reservoir. The local community can be ensured of water quality running through AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate has carefully managed, controlled and monitored water quality.  In the future it plans to conduct a survey on a diversity of freshwater species in Dok Krai Reservoir in collaboration with Rayong Fisheries Provincial Office and Dok Krai Reservoir Freshwater Resources Management Committee to be used as basis data for biodiversity conservation and water quality index in the future.

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