Industrial estate development, while beneficial to the countries and their residents’ overall economic growth, may have a negative impact on biodiversity and ecosystems in the area due to changes in land use and urbanization to accommodate expanding industrial sectors. The decline of biodiversity increases the risk to the ecosystem’s balance in the area, affecting the abundance of natural resources that are the main raw materials of business operations, such as water, and the overall quality of the environment, as well as the quality of life of stakeholders who live in the area and make use of nature.
The Company has an opportunity to transform the industrial estate into a city that strikes a balance between economic growth and social and environmental conservation. This will allow the industrial sector to live in unity with surrounding communities. The conservation of the quality and balance of biodiversity will result in the sustainable handover of sufficient resources vital to the economic, social, and environmental quality of life of the stakeholders to the next generation.
As a result, it established a Biodiversity Policy with the objective of preventing damage and mitigating impact on biodiversity in AMATA Industrial Estates, as well as supporting and promoting stakeholders in the area to jointly nurture, rehabilitate, and conserve biodiversity in both AMATA Industrial Estates.
According to the Town Planning Act (B.E. 2562, 2019), both AMATA City Chonburi Industrial Estate and AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate are located in industrial zones; within a 5-kilometer radius, there are no important ecosystem areas that have been established both nationally and internationally or conservation areas and protected areas that have been announced by government agencies on natural resources and the environment.
However, the Company’s two industrial estate developments may have a negative impact on biodiversity, which can occur both directly and indirectly, such as through changes in land use patterns, the expansion of surrounding communities, the pollution caused by various activities in the industrial estates, including the impact caused by the Company’s suppliers and contractors, etc. These can happen from the moment the Company begins developing the site until the industrial estate is fully developed.
The Company has continuously conserved and rehabilitated biodiversity in AMATA City Chonburi and AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estate through the environmental rehabilitation project, green area expansion, and conservation of native freshwater species in the community to mitigate the risk of negative impact on biodiversity according to the concept of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) regarding biodiversity offset under the IUCN’s Biodiversity Mitigation Hierarchy, consists of four approaches, i.e. Avoidance, Minimization, Rehabilitation / Restoration and Compensation or Offset.
As a result, the Company has embarked on the following projects to avoid and mitigate any negative effects, including restoration and remedy for negative effects, that may result from its operations in AMATA City Chonburi and AMATA City Rayong Industrial Estates.